From: "Bruce K. Melson" <>



Subject: Illegal vaccine link to Gulf War Syndrome


Received from a newsletter I get...Betty


Illegal vaccine link to Gulf war syndrome
Paul Brown, environment correspondent
Guardian Monday, July 30, 2001


The illness known as Gulf war syndrome looks
likely to have been caused by an illegal vaccine "booster" given by the
Ministry of Defense to protect soldiers against biological weapons,
to the results of a new series of tests. Scientists in the United States
found that symptoms of the illness were the same for service personnel who
received the injections whether or not they served in the Gulf. The common
factor for the 275,000 British and US veterans who are ill appears to be a
substance called squalene, allegedly used in injections to add to their
potency. Such an action would have been illegal. Squalene is not licensed
use on either side of the Atlantic because of potential side effects. Pam
and her team at the Tulane medical school in Louisiana tested more than 300
former US military personnel who were given vaccinations to go to the Gulf:
95% tested positive for squalene antibodies. In addition veterans from both
sides of the Atlantic were tested, including 20 who were given preparatory
injections but who did not go to the war. All 20 tested positive to squalene
antibodies. The first non-deployed British sufferer to be tested, Anwen
Humphrey's, was also found to have antibodies. Dr Asa said in her view the
fact that even non-deployed veterans were testing positive for squalene
provided conclusive evidence that vaccinations were a "major cause" of the
condition. It ruled out the alternative environmental theories floated as
causes of Gulf war syndrome. "I believe that those people who were given
vaccinations in the US and the UK were given something they should not have
been, probably in the anthrax vaccine. [The results] need a thorough
examination by the US and UK governments." Squalene is classed as an ad
juvant - a chemical which is added to a vaccine to make it more combative.
is a naturally occurring substance in the human body but injecting it is
illegal, and past scientific research in rats and mice has found that it
causes auto-immune disease. Consequently, squalene in the form of a vaccine
is unlicensed for human or veterinary use. The evidence could be devastating
for the Ministry of Defense which is being sued for damages by 1,900 British
veterans. If they show they were injected with an illegal substance, the
damages could be astronomical. The ministry has refused toreveal what was in
the injections. Ms Humphrey's, 39, from Dolgellau, north Wales, who suffers
typical symptoms of the syndrome - severe headaches, nausea, muscular pain,
joint swelling, short term memory loss and depression - said: "I believe the
Mod has used us like guinea pigs to see how effective squalene is. "There
no words to describe what they have done. It's just medically, morally and
ethically wrong." She says she feels "cheated" by the Mod. "I was always one
of these people who said that there is no way they would experiment with our
vaccinations." Ms Humphrey's'story is being told tonight on the
Welsh-language current affairs program, Y Byd Ar Bedwar, (The World On
Four), on S4C. The US defense department has strongly denied Dr Asa's
Lewis Moonie, a junior minister responsible for veterans, said: "To the best
of my knowledge no squalene was given to any member of the British forces at
the time of the Gulf war." The Ministry of Defense has so far refused to
disclose what was in the injections and defense scientists are carrying out
experiments on animals to see what effects the Gulf war injections could
have. The results will not be known until 2003