Your Emergency Supply Kit
A checklist

from FEMA

Are you prepared to cope with an emergency until help arrives? Your family will cope best by preparing for disaster before it strikes. One way to prepare is by assembling a Disaster Supplies Kit. Once disaster hits, you won't have time to shop or search for supplies. But if you've gathered supplies in advance, your family can endure an evacuation or home confinement. Find out what you need here.

Store water in plastic containers, such as soft drink bottles. Avoid using containers that will decompose or break, such as milk cartons or glass bottles. A normally active person needs to drink at least two quarts of water each day. Hot environments and intense physical activity can double that amount. Children, nursing mothers and ill people will need more.

         Store one gallon of water per person per day (two quarts for drinking, two quarts for food preparation/sanitation)*

         Keep at least a three-day supply of water for each person in your household.

Remembering the basics
There are six basics you should stock in your home: water, food, first aid supplies, clothing and bedding, tools and emergency supplies and special items. Keep the items that you would most likely need during an evacuation in an easy-to-carry container--suggested items are marked with an asterisk(*). Possible containers include a large, covered trash container; a camping backpack; or a duffle bag. Store at least a three-day supply of non-perishable food. Select foods that require no refrigeration, preparation or cooking and little or no water. If you must heat food, pack a can of sterno. Select food items that are compact and lightweight.

*Include a selection of the following foods in your Disaster Supplies Kit:

         Ready-to-eat canned meats, fruits and vegetables

         Canned juices, milk, soup (if powdered, store extra water)

         Staples -- sugar, salt, pepper

         High energy foods -- peanut butter, jelly, crackers, granola bars, trail mix


         Foods for infants, elderly persons or persons on special diets

         Comfort/stress foods -- cookies, hard candy, sweetened cereals, lollipops, instant coffee, tea bags

First aid kit
Assemble a first aid kit for your home and one for each car. A first aid kit* should include:

         Sterile adhesive bandages in assorted sizes

         2-inch sterile gauze pads (4-6)

         4-inch sterile gauze pads (4-6)

         Hypoallergenic adhesive tape

         Triangular bandages (3)

         2-inch sterile roller bandages (3 rolls)

         3-inch sterile roller bandages (3 rolls)




         Moistened towelettes



         Tongue blades (2)

         Tube of petroleum jelly or other lubricant

         Assorted sizes of safety pins

         Cleansing agent/soap

         Latex gloves (2 pair)


Non-prescription drugs

         Aspirin or nonaspirin pain reliever

         Anti-diarrhea medication

         Antacid (for stomach upset)

         Syrup of Ipecac (use to induce vomiting if advised by the Poison Control Center)


         Activated charcoal (use if advised by the Poison Control Center)

Contact your local American Red Cross chapter to obtain a basic first aid manual.

Tools and Supplies

         Mess kits, or paper cups, plates and plastic utensils*

         Emergency preparedness manual*

         Battery-operated radio and extra batteries*

         Flashlight and extra batteries*

         Cash or traveler's checks, change*

         Nonelectric can opener, utility knife*

         Fire extinguisher: small canister, ABC type

         Tube tent




         Matches in a waterproof container

         Aluminum foil

         Plastic storage containers

         Signal flare

         Paper, pencil

         Needles, thread

         Medicine dropper

         Shut-off wrench, to turn off household gas and water


         Plastic sheeting

         Map of the area (for locating shelters)


         Toilet paper, towelettes*

         Soap, liquid detergent*

         Feminine supplies*

         Personal hygiene items*

         Plastic garbage bags, ties (for personal sanitation uses)

         Plastic bucket with tight lid


         Household chlorine bleach

         Clothing and Bedding

*Include at least one complete change of clothing and footwear per person.

         Sturdy shoes or work boots*

         Hat and gloves

         Rain gear*

         Thermal underwear

         Blankets or sleeping bags*


Special Items
Remember family members with special needs, such as infants and elderly or disabled persons.

For Baby*




         Powdered milk


For Adults*

         Heart and high blood pressure medication


         Prescription drugs

         Denture needs

         Contact lenses and supplies

         Extra eye glasses

Entertainment - games and books.

Important Family Documents
Keep these records in a waterproof, portable container.

         Will, insurance policies, contracts, deeds, stocks and bonds

         Passports, social security cards, immunization records

         Bank account numbers

         Credit card account numbers and companies

         Inventory of valuable household goods, important telephone numbers

         Family records (birth, marriage, death certificates)

More things to keep in mind

         Keep items in air-tight plastic bags.

         Change your stored water supply every six months so it stays fresh.

         Rotate your stored food every six months.

         Re-think your kit and family needs at least once a year. Replace batteries, update clothes, etc.

         Ask your physician or pharmacist about storing prescription medications.




"When the way comes to an end, then change - having changed, you pass through."


      I. Ching


 Bruce "Doc". Melson